Direct Edge is a Jersey City, NJ based stock exchange operating two separate platforms, EDGA Exchange and EDGX Exchange. Direct Edge trades all listed U.S. equities. With a market share in the 10%-12% range, Direct Edge regularly trades 1 billion to 2 billion shares per day, fluctuating with the overall market volume. On any given trading day, Direct Edge is ranked as the third or fourth largest stock market in the United States.
The firm began in 1998 as Attain ECN. In 2005 it was purchased by Knight Capital Group, re-branded and introduced as Direct Edge ECN. In 2007, Knight spun Direct Edge off as an independent company bringing on Citadel Securities and Goldman Sachs as partners. As part of the spin-off, new management was brought in led by former NASDAQ executive William O'Brien.
By August 2008, Direct Edge had substantially increased its market share, capturing 6% of all U.S. equity execution volumes. That month, the firm announced a deal (that closed in December 2008) in which the International Securities Exchange (ISE) took a 31.5% ownership of Direct Edge, diluting the shares of Knight, Citadel, and Goldman to just under 20%. As part of the deal, Direct Edge took operational control of the ISE Stock Exchange. The Direct Edge brand was retained and management was kept intact. A year following the announcement of the ISE deal, the firm had doubled its market share to over 12%.
On March 12, 2010, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission granted Direct Edge approval to convert both ECN platforms into full-fledged licensed stock exchanges. In July 2010, Direct Edge successfully transitioned to full exchange status, decommissioning the ISE Stock Exchange and the EDGA and EDGX ECNs, moving trading to its brand new exchange platforms.
The new EDGA and EDGX platforms were launched using brand new technology designed to reduce latency and increase reliability. But Direct Edge is known for more than the latest technology - it is known for innovation. It pioneered the bifurcated market structure (having two platforms rather than one) and the integration of dark and displayed liquidity. The firm continues to be an innovative leader in new order types and customer solutions.
In the spirit of being a good corporate citizen, Direct Edge has established a "Good DEeds" program. Employees are encouraged to find charities in the surrounding area in need of both time and money. In addition to hours spent volunteering by Direct Edge employees and building relationships within the community, the Good DEeds program has given tens of thousands of dollars to local charities such as the Hudson County Child Abuse Prevention Center, the York Street Project, and the St. Joseph's School for the Blind.
- Chief Executive Officer - William O'Brien
- Chief Operating Officer - Bryan Harkins
- Chief Information Officer - Saro Jahani
- Chief Financial Officer - Glen Badach
- Chief Regulatory Officer - Thomas McManus
- Head of Strategy - Anthony Barchetto
- General Counsel - Jeffrey Rosenstrock
For bios and a more comprehensive management list, please click here